Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed "Eight Major Common Actions" for China-Arab practical cooperation during the first China-Arab States Summit held at the King Abdulaziz International Conference Center in Riyadh on December 9. Here are the details.
First, to support common action for development
The Chinese side will discuss with the Arab states on the implementation of development cooperation assistance projects with a total value of 5 billion yuan (around $719 million), and include 30 qualified Arab states projects into the global development initiative project pool.
According to the demand from Arab states on production capacity, infrastructure, energy, and green finance, China will provide credit support, and infrastructure investment with more high-quality, low-cost by Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
According to the progress of the exchange of letters, zero-tariff treatment will be given to 98 percent of the products of the least developed countries in Arab states.
China will provide humanitarian and reconstruction assistance to Palestine, Yemen, Lebanon, Syria and other countries.
China strives to reach a trade volume of $430 billion in 2027 with Arab states.
Second, joint action on food security
China is willing to help the Arab states enhance food security and comprehensive agricultural production capacity; jointly build five modern agricultural joint laboratories, carry out 50 agricultural technology cooperation demonstration projects, and send 500 agricultural technical experts to Arab states to help increase grain production and agricultural production efficiency; to establish a "green channel" for the export of high-quality agricultural and food products from Arab states to China.
Third, joint health action
China is willing to work with Arab states to jointly build a public health science and technology cooperation center and a vaccine innovation and research and development cooperation alliance, implement five traditional Chinese medicine cooperation projects in Arab states, continue to send Chinese medical teams to work in Arab states, and perform 2,000 cases of free cataract surgery and other Telemedicine health services.
Fourth, joint action on green innovation
China is willing to work with Arab states to establish the China-Arab International Research Center on drought, desertification and land degradation, and to implement five South-South cooperation projects to address climate change; to use the China Fengyun Meteorological Satellite and the Beijing World Meteorological Center to support Arab states in disaster prevention and mitigation. China is willing to establish the China-Arab Beidou Application Industry Promotion Center to provide high-quality services for Arab states in the fields of transportation, precision agriculture, search and rescue, among others. China will build a number of joint laboratories or research and development cooperation centers, and provide 300 advanced and applicable technologies to the Arab states.
Fifth, joint action on energy security
China is willing to work with Arab states to build a Sino-Arab Clean Energy Cooperation Center, support Chinese energy companies and financial institutions to participate in renewable energy projects with a total installed capacity of more than 5 million kilowatts in Arab states, carry out energy technology research and development cooperation with Arab states, and strengthen energy policy coordination to promote the establishment of a fair, equitable, balanced and inclusive global energy governance system.
Sixth, dialogue among civilizations and joint action
China will invite 1,000 people from Arab states' political parties, parliament, media, and think tanks to come to China for exchanges; promote cooperation between 500 Chinese and Arab cultural and tourism companies, and train 1,000 cultural and tourism talents for the country; China and Arab states will work together on the translation of 50 audio and visual program cooperation projects; continue to strengthen the China-Arab Reform and Development Research Center, and enhance dialogue among civilizations and exchanges of experience in governance.
Seventh, young people should act together
The Chinese side will hold the China-Arab Youth Development Forum, launch the "China-Arab Universities 10+10 Cooperation Plan"; invite 100 young scientists from the Arab side to come to China for scientific research exchanges, invite 3,000 young people to participate in Sino-Arab cultural exchanges, and invite 10,000 Arab talents to participate in professional training in poverty alleviation, health, green development and other fields; promote the construction of more Luban workshops in Arab states.
Eighth, joint action on security and stability
The Chinese side will work with Arab states to strengthen strategic dialogues between defense departments and academics, deepen cooperation in areas such as maritime security, international peacekeeping, and professional technology, and expand joint exercises and personnel training; train 1,500 people for Arab states on network security. China will work with Arab states in implementing the "China-Arab Data Security Cooperation Initiative", establish a China-Arab network information exchange mechanism, and strengthen exchanges and dialogues in areas such as data governance and network security.
(Cover: A view of Egypt's new parliament headquarters being built at the New Administrative Capital, a project under Belt and Road Initiative, some 45 kilometers east of Cairo. /CFP)