Explainer: Why do the ceasefire agreements in Sudan continue to fail?
There have been several failed ceasefire agreements in Sudan since two rival military groups began fighting in the streets of the country's capital Khartoum in April. Here's why peace seems to be so elusive.
The conflict in Sudan has been characterized by numerous failed ceasefires, with fighting resuming shortly after each agreement is reached.
Military leaders General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and Mohamed Hamdan "Hemedti" Dagalo remain locked in conflict, preventing any meaningful progress towards a lasting ceasefire.
Current ceasefire agreements do not address the need for long-term conflict resolution, leaving the underlying issues unaddressed and hampering any genuine move towards peace.
Both warring factions are confident in their ability to achieve victory through military confrontation, which has led to a reluctance to engage in diplomatic negotiations, analysts say.
Despite efforts from the international community, attempts to initiate a meaningful dialogue have been insufficient, with civilian groups largely excluded from the discussions.
The army, led by General al-Burhan, relies on its heavy firepower and aerial capabilities to gain the upper hand, while Hemedti's RSF employs urban guerilla tactics to counter these advantages, leading to a protracted and destructive conflict.
Both General al-Burhan and Hemedti face challenges from internal factions and must navigate complex alliances to maintain power, adding further complications to the efforts to achieve a ceasefire, analysts believe.